USA Basketball Development Model
Learn fundamental movement skills and build overall motor skills. Participation once or twice per week in basketball, but daily participation in other sport activity is essential for further excellence. Group skill competitions recommended throughout the level. Introduction to team principles/concepts ONLY, avoid actual 5x5 competition until fundamentals are further developed. Approximate Age: 3-9 years old.
Learn all fundamental and basic basketball-specific skills, establish building blocks for overall basketball skills. 70% of time is spent on individual fundamental training and only 30% of the time is spent on actual game competition. Teach position concepts, but DO NOT assign player positions at any point in the level. Divide actual competition between special games (1x1, 2x2, 3x3, 4x4, skill games) and 5x5 play, trying not to focus on actual 5x5 competition until later in the level. Approximate Age: 8-13 years old.
Build the aerobic base, build strength towards the end of the level and further develop overall basketball skills. Early in the level, 60% of the time is spent on individual training and 40% is spent on competition including 5x5 play, special games (1x1, 2x2, 3x3, 4x4, skill games) as well as team-oriented practices. Later in the level, depending on mastery of skills, the switch can be made to a 50:50 training to competition ratio and positions can be assigned. Approximate Age: 12-17 years old
Maximize fitness and competition preparation as well as individual and position-specific skills. Optimize each player’s ceiling in regards to skills and performance. Training to competition ratio in this phase shifts to 25:75, understanding that the competition percentage includes team-oriented practices and other competition-specific preparations. Approximate Age: 15-18+ years old